In relation to treatment, the breast cancer world generally refers to pre-menopausal women as 'young', as the treatment options can be different according to menopausal status. A young woman in her 20s or 30s is not thinking about dying. Breast cancer forced me to examine the issue of my mortality. At the time I would have preferred to be making decisions like 'what movie will I see?
Although uncommon, breast cancer in young women is worthy of special attention due to the unique and complex issues that are raised. This article reviews specific challenges associated with the care of younger breast cancer patients, which include fertility preservation, management of inherited breast cancer syndromes, maintenance of bone health, secondary prevention, and attention to psychosocial issues. Breast cancer incidence increases with age, with the vast majority of women diagnosed after the age of 40 years [ 1 ]. Interestingly, breast cancer risk factors, clinical outcomes, and tumor biology are somewhat different in the subgroup of women below 40, suggesting that breast cancer in young women represents a distinct entity [ 3 - 7 ]. The definition of a 'young woman' in the field of breast oncology varies, with most articles referring to women under either age 35 or 40 years as 'young'. The incidence of breast cancer in younger women differs according to race. Overall, breast cancer is more common in Caucasian women than in African Americans; however, in women under the age of 35, breast cancer is more than twice as common in African American women.
When we talk about factors that can increase or decrease the risk of developing breast cancer, either for the first time or as a recurrence, we often talk about two different types of risk: absolute risk and relative risk. It is based on the number of people who will develop breast cancer within a certain time period. Absolute risk also can be stated as a percentage. On average, an individual woman has a 1-in-8 chance of developing breast cancer over an year lifespan. The absolute risk of developing breast cancer during a particular decade of life is lower than 1 in 8.
Breast cancer is rare in young women. Fewer than 5 percent of all breast cancers diagnosed in the U. A breast cancer diagnosis is very shocking for young women.